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AIDS becomes China's third-deadliest infectious disease
  AIDS overtook hepatitis B to become the third-deadliest infectious disease last year, said China's Ministry of Health in a report released on Monday.
A total of 4.42 million cases of infectious diseases were reported and 13,263 people died last year, increases of 12.7 percent and 81.92 percent from 2004 respectively.
Tuberculosis, hepatitis B, dysentery, gonorrhea and syphilis were the top five most common infectious diseases, accounting for 85.66 percent of the total cases, it said.
Tuberculosis, rabies, AIDS, hepatitis B and tetanus in newborns were the top five killers, accounting for 89.4 percent of the total cases.
There were no reports in the number of new cases and deaths of contagious Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), poliomyelitis and diphtheria.
Cases caused by infectious respiratory diseases rose by 31.7 percent last year. Among them, cases of measles and tuberculosis jumped by 73.52 percent and 29.03 percent respectively.
Infectious diseases in China are classified into three categories and 37 types according to the country's newly-revised laws on prevention and control of communicable diseases, which took effect on Dec. 1, 2004.
Source: Xinhua
Ministry plans to beat Hepatitis B
Li Xinran
2006-02-13 Beijing Time
CHINA'S Ministry of Health has published a five-year plan to protect newborn infants and other groups who are vulnerable to the Hepatitis B virus, which is being carried by 120 million Chinese.
The plan said, by 2010 the proportion of Hepatitis B virus carriers among all children below the age of five will be less than 1 percent, while the ratio among all the citizens in the country should be less than 7 percent. Among all the carriers, 20 million should have constant medical treatment, according to the Ministry of Health.
To accomplish the objectives, more than 90 percent of newborns should have their full course vaccinations, which consists of three shots, the plan said. More than 90 percent of infants in the eastern area should have their first shots on time, while that ratio for the central area is 80 percent, and 75 percent for the western.
More than 95 percent of the children born after 2002 without vaccinations should get their inoculation by 2010, and more than 80 percent of Chinese people should have at least a basic knowledge of Hepatitis B virus prevention.
Medical centers and training systems for the prevention of Hepatitis B virus should be established, as well as supervision and examination networks, the plan said.
Disposable injection devices should be fully accepted in medical treatments or by widespread vaccinations throughout the country, the plan said.
Enhancing the management of blood products, injection devices, hairdressing and pedicure procedures, among others, would cease tainted blood cases, the plan also noted.
To prevent the infection between spouses, mothers and infants or other family members, the plan asked people to protect themselves by undergoing medicals, getting vaccinations and by using condoms.
The plan also asked the local government to pay for the expenses of all Hepatitis B vaccinations, besides paying more attention and taking measures on the prevention of the virus by adding anti-virus medicines onto medical insurance coverage.
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