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Study Shows Americans Ambivalent About HIV/AIDS Crisis
  Monday November 27, 2006
Press release
COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo., Nov. 27 /PRNewswire/ -- Almost two-fifths of Americans have difficulty sympathizing with HIV/AIDS victims, according to a study commissioned and released by Compassion International.
Thirty-nine percent of the people polled agreed strongly or somewhat with the statement: "You have more sympathy for people who have cancer than you do for people who have HIV or AIDS because you feel most of those with HIV/AIDS got the disease as a result of their decisions or lifestyles."
Roughly one out of seven Americans (15 percent) said they donated in 2005 to an organization specifically to address the HIV/AIDS crisis. But the survey, conducted in advance of World AIDS Day Dec. 1, also found that only 8 percent of Americans have a compassionate attitude toward HIV/AIDS victims and have donated to the cause.
This type of conflicting behavior and attitudes was a common theme in the study. More than half of Americans -- 52 percent -- are unengaged with the HIV/AIDS crisis. They expressed conflicting, neutral or undecided views and behaviors related to addressing the issue. In fact, half of those who donated money to HIV/AIDS causes in the last year either admit they struggle to be sympathetic toward the victims of HIV/AIDS or they doubt that individuals can make a major difference addressing the disease.
On the other hand, roughly twice as many respondents said they would rather address HIV/AIDS than global warming (52 to 28 percent).
"Awareness is not enough. Education is not enough. Nutrition is not enough. Government subsidized anti-retroviral drug 'access' is not enough," said Dr. Scott Todd, director of Compassion's AIDS initiative. "It takes all that and more ... counseling, home visits, facilitating transport, payment for clinical services, lab tests and medicines including anti-retroviral drugs. It takes people filled with compassion, whose faith and hope comes from a deeper spring than the world has ever known. The truth is -- we can make a difference."
Compassion International, a Christian ministry to poor children in developing countries, commissioned the study as part of its annual Poverty Poll. The Poverty Poll is commissioned in the OmniPoll, a series of tracking studies conducted every year by The Barna Group.
United Nations figures indicate that AIDS has killed more than 25 million people since it was first recognized in 1981. Of the people today who have HIV, which causes AIDS, two-thirds live in sub-Saharan Africa. That's 24.5 million people, according to 2005 statistics.
More than 12 million African children have lost one or both parents to AIDS, and nine out of 10 children infected with HIV, roughly two million, live in sub-Saharan Africa.
Compassion's AIDS Initiative provides prevention, treatment and rehabilitative care for Compassion-sponsored African children and their families who are infected with the virus. Over 100,000 children and their families or caregivers have been tested for HIV/AIDS as part of Compassion's program in Africa. One of the key features of the program is anti-retroviral therapy -- treating HIV with drugs that are difficult to obtain in the developing world.
The Barna Group, the premier Christian polling organization, conducted 1,004 telephone interviews of adults 18 and older in the continental United States in October for the poll.
"We see a full range of perspectives when it comes to HIV/AIDS -- from those who feel it is not a serious or meaningful issue to those who are highly engaged in helping to address the problem," said David Kinnaman, Barna's Vice President. "But most Americans are currently in no-man's land, feeling that the problem is significant enough to warrant attention, but not necessarily their attention. They are unwilling to -- or uncertain how to -- leverage their time and energy to deal with the disease and its outcomes."
The survey explored people's willingness to support HIV/AIDS in contrast with other significant charitable causes and issues - such as giving people access to clean water, treating cancer, fighting poverty and dealing with global warming. The research shows that Americans clearly rank access to clean water above the idea of addressing HIV/AIDS (66 to 13 percent).
Respondents also said that HIV/AIDS is less important than dealing with cancer (47 to 19 percent) or addressing poverty (47 to 22 percent).
The research explored the areas in which Americans believe they can influence the world. Four areas were assessed: domestic poverty, terrorism, the international HIV/AIDS epidemic and international poverty. In these areas, the poll discovered that the perspectives of born-again Christians were statistically identical to those of other Americans.
Most Americans agreed they could have a major impact on only one of the four areas -- poverty in the United States. Overall, 64 percent of adults said they believe that individuals in this country can have a "major" influence on this.
About half of Americans believed they can influence the war on terror (48 percent). One-third believed individuals can effectively address the HIV/AIDS crisis affecting other countries (37 percent), but only one-quarter (28 percent) were convinced a major impact could be made on international poverty.
Compassion International is one of the world's largest Christian child- development organizations, working with more than 65 denominations and thousands of indigenous church partners in Africa, Asia, Central and South America and the Caribbean.
As for segmentation patterns, we discovered that the perspectives of born again Christians were statistically identical to those of non-born again Christians. For their part, evangelical Christians were statistically distinct on just one count: being much less likely than other adults to say that people can have a major influence on HIV/AIDS (20% versus 37%, respectively).
In terms of demographic patterns, men were more skeptical of HIV/AIDS patients than were women (44% of men versus 34% of women). Age was also an intriguing pattern: the middle two generations, Busters (37%) and Boomers (32%), were more sympathetic than were the youngest and oldest generations, Mosaics (46%) and Elders (49%). Income and education were also correlated with HIV/AIDS views. Lower income and lower education were associated with greater skepticism toward the plight of those with HIV/AIDS. Among downscale adults, 44% admitted to holding less sympathy for those with HIV/AIDS, while 27% of upscale adults felt the same way. 2 Ethnicity also played a role in people's views. Black adults were among the most sympathetic (just 30% admitted to being skeptical of those with HIV/AIDS), while Hispanics (45%) and Asians (51%) were among the least forgiving segments. Whites (38%) were sandwiched between the two extremes. Demonstrating that these issues have been co-opted by political considerations, easily the most significant gap related to sociopolitical ideology. Political conservatives (50%) were twice as likely as liberals (23%) to say that they have less compassion for those with the "lifestyle" disease. Also, Republicans' lack of sympathy outpaces that of Democrats (45% versus 34%, respectively). There was no statistical difference when it came to marital status, presence of kids in the home, region, or size of the church attended.
the vast majority of donors gave only a small percent of their total donations to HIV/AIDS causes. Donors contributed, on average, 6% of their 2005 charitable giving to such efforts.


Steve Yount 972-267-1111, x205
Jay Lees 719-487-6457
Julie Koshy 719-487-6290
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