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NYC HIV-Death Rate Hit All-Time Low in '06
  5 hours ago Jan 9, 2008
NEW YORK (AP) - The city's overall death rate dropped to an all-time low in 2006 due in part to declines in mortality from HIV and smoking-related illness, the health commissioner said Tuesday.
The number of deaths fell to 55,391 in 2006 from 57,068 a year earlier, according to the city's Health Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. The only leading killer that increased significantly was substance use, up 8 percent.
Heart disease and cancer remained the most deadly, claiming 21,844 and 13,116 lives, respectively.
Between 2005 and 2006, death from HIV fell almost 15 percent, from 1,419 to 1,209, reflecting the lowest numbers since 1984 when 952 deaths from AIDS were recorded citywide.
Researchers attributed the decline to lower infection rates because of syringe exchange programs, expanded HIV testing, and slower disease progression.
HIV mortality remains concentrated among the city's minority populations, with roughly 34 percent of deaths among black men; 21 percent among black women; 11 percent among white men; and 3 percent among white women.
New HIV diagnoses have recently increased among young men who have sex with men, but the trend has yet to affect mortality rates.
All smoking-related deaths dropped 11.2 percent between 2002 and 2006, from 8,722 to 7,744. The figures do not include deaths from exposure to second-hand smoke.
The report also showed that life expectancy for women between 2004 and 2005 rose by 2.5 months to 81.3 years, while male life expectancy remained unchanged at 75.7 years. Overall life expectancy rose to 78.7 years from 78.6 years.
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City death rate on the decline
by joshua rhett miller / metro new york
JAN 9, 2008
MANHATTAN. The city's death rate hit an all-time low last year, the Health Department announced yesterday, including declines in mortality from HIV, diabetes and smoking-related illnesses.
The number of deaths fell to 55,391 in 2006 from 57,068 a year earlier. In 2001, the figure was 60,218, according to the department's Annual Summary of Vital Statistics. The killer that increased significantly in 2006 was substance abuse - up 8 percent. Heart disease and cancer remained the city's biggest killers, claiming 21,844 and 13,116 lives respectively.
City Health Commissioner Dr. Thomas Frieden said the city's leading causes of premature death can be prevented by quitting smoking, controlling blood pressure and cholesterol, using condoms and reducing alcohol and drug dependence.
Death from HIV fell almost 15 percent between 2005 and 2006, from 1,419 to 1,209. That's the lowest mark since 1984. HIV mortality remained concentrated in minority populations, however, with roughly 34 percent of deaths among black men and 21 percent among black women, compared to 11 percent among white men and 3 percent among white women.
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