icon-folder.gif   Conference Reports for NATAP  
  ID Week
Wed, Sep 29 -
Sun, Oct 3, 2021
Virtual Conference

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Racial and Ethnic Disparities in COVID-19 Incidence among Persons with HIV in a Multisite-Cohort
  IDWeek 2021 Sept 29-Oct 3
these first 2 slides were from symposium Dr Bender gave where she referred to study presented & slides below by Dr Cachay on Racial & Ethnic Disparities. I reported also from IDWeek the study by Matt Spinelli on COVID & HIV: "Lower SARS-CoV-2 IgG and Surrogate Virus Neutralization Titers Post-mRNA Vaccination among People Living with HIV". See study results below.


Little is known about how race and ethnicity, imperfect (albeit accessible) proxies for structural racism, impact COVID-19 incidence among people with HIV (PWH). We report the cumulative incidence and incidence rate ratios (IRR) for COVID-19 in a long-term multi-site cohort of PWH across the US.
Methods: We examined COVID-19 cumulative incidence and IRR among PWH in care between 3/1/2020 and 12/31/2020 at seven sites in the CFAR Network of Integrated Clinical Systems (CNICS) cohort. We define COVID-19 incident case as having a laboratory-confirmed (RT-PCR/Ag) SARS-CoV-2 positive result or diagnosis verified by chart review. Reinfections were excluded. Results are presented as monthly and quarterly cumulative incidence and IRR with 95% CI stratified by CD4 count, self-reported race/ethnicity, and site. Follow-up was censored on the earliest of diagnosis of COVID-19 disease, loss to follow up, or 12/31/2020
Results: Among 15,780 PWH in care in the CNICS cohort during the study period, 62% were non-white, with a median (IQR) age of 52 (IQR 40-59), 95% were on antiretroviral therapy, 17% had a CD4 count less than 350, and 6% less than 200. Overall, 651 PWH tested positive for COVID-19 for a cumulative incidence of 4.13%. COVID-19 cumulative incidence increased from 0.77% at the end of the first quarter to 4.12% by the end of December 2020. At the peak of the pandemic in December 2020, the cumulative incidence in Black PWH was 1.68 fold higher than in white PWH (p=.033) and 2.35 fold higher in Hispanics than in whites (P< .0001), figure 1. Similarly, the IRR for COVID-19 was 1.71 (95% CI 1.42-2.07) for Black and 2.40 (95% CI 1.91-3.01) for Hispanic PWH relative to white. Although there was variation across sites, reflecting geographic differences in pandemic waves and access to COVID-19 testing, overall individual trends remained the same. COVID-19 cumulative incidence was similar across CD4 cell count strata
Conclusion: Our results suggest effects of structural racial disparities on COVID-19 incidence in this diverse population of PWH across the US, with higher and disproportionate rates of COVID-19 in Black and Hispanic PWH. Incidence estimates are conservative because testing was not uniform, and no systematic testing was conducted